COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY (CBT)
Behavioural therapy is rooted in scientific experiments conducted in the early twentieth century, which updated various different learning mechanisms in animals and humans. It was enhanced over the following decades by the development of cognitive therapy, which focuses on mental processes (thoughts, emotions, feelings), to form cognitive behavioural therapy, CBT.
It is an active therapy, both on the part of the therapist as well as the patient, where the therapeutic relationship is crucial. CBT seeks to update cognitive distortions, acquired throughout life, together with inappropriate and rigid emotional responses, by targeting behavioural changes.
Understanding the interaction between thoughts, emotions, feelings, behaviour, consequences and reinforcement is fundamental in terms of this change.
CBT uses different scientifically validated techniques such as "desensitisation", "exposure", "visualisation", "relaxation", and "problem solving" and many others, the list is long.
The basic principle during a therapeutic conversation is "Socratic (disciplined) questioning", which stimulates growing awareness.
The effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy continues to be regularly assessed and validated by research.
In the last few years, other approaches have supplemented and enhanced this basic therapy ("the 3rd wave"), including "schema therapy", which is not a separate therapy but is incorporated into the cognitive behavioural therapeutic process.
Schema therapy consists of updating inappropriate early patterns established wholly or partially subconsciously during childhood, and which have thereafter served as a life-long guideline.
Basically, these are adjustment patterns formed during childhood ("survival patterns"), which become inappropriate over the years, and may prevent the person from living his life, or at least from living life to the full.
Many cases of depression and widespread anxiety are due to these early patterns, notably of course in post traumatic stress disorder from childhood, but these are by far not all.
The person will necessarily manifest different patterns, some patterns being slightly delayed, "compensatory patterns". The different patterns interact and reinforce each other.
Genuine integrative therapy concerns deep therapy, which makes the link between the past and the present, with the aim of breaking patterns that are no longer relevant.
Positive psychology is a branch of psychology focused on the character strengths and behaviors that enable individuals to build lives full of meaning and purpose - to go beyond survival to thrive.
It is important to understand that positive psychology is not about banishing negative or uncomfortable thoughts, but devoting time to them and managing them in a solution-oriented way.
In my practice as a FSP psychotherapist, I work with and have accompanied clients in the following areas :
Team Intervisions in Institutions
Sense of shame and humiliation
Grief and loss
Critical internal discourse and perfectionism